Term

Push-back

Push-backs are a set of state measures by which refugees and migrants are forced back over a border – generally immediately after they crossed it – without consideration of their individual circumstances and without any possibility to apply for asylum or to put forward arguments against the measures taken. Push-backs violate – among other laws – the prohibition of collective expulsions stipulated in the European Convention on Human Rights.

Macedonia

From Idomeni to Strasbourg: Refugees demand their right to have rights at the ECtHR

Push-backs

With support from ECCHR, several refugees filed individual complaints against Macedonia in 2016. They assert that Macedonia's practice of unlawful expulsions is violating the European Convention on Human Rights.

Spain

The case of N.D. and N.T. v. Spain

Push-backs

Spanish authorities systematically and often violently expel refugees and migrants at their borders. The long-standing practice of push-backs at the external borders of the European Union is unlawful, as the European Court of Human Rights ruled. ECCHR supports the claims of two refugees against Spain.

Spain

Europe's Treacherous Borders: Seeking Justice for Ceuta Victims

Push-backs

At least 15 dead and many more injured: this is the outcome of a Guardia Civil operation on 6 February 2014 on the beach of El Tarajal, located at the border between Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Ceuta. The deadly push-back has still not been investigated properly. ECCHR is working with survivors who are willing to give witness evidence.

Spain

UN Committee condemns Spain's Push-Back Policy

Push-backs

Spanish authorities apprehend and summarily deport unaccompanied minors to Morocco without a procedure to identify them and protect their rights. This policy was strongly condemned by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in February 2019 in a decision that clearly upholds the fundamental rights of unaccompanied minors at Europe's borders.