Investor-State Dispute Settlement

Corporate investments in a foreign country are regulated by a global web of international investment agreements. These agreements offer legal protection to investments in a state by foreign individuals or companies, particularly against measures that negatively impact property such as expropriation without compensation. The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) offers facilities for legal dispute resolution between states and companies. Based on the ICSID Convention and accompanying rules the Centre provides the legal framework, premises and administrative structures for arbitration and conciliation but does not itself make decisions in disputes.


Environmental Protection versus Investment Law – The Goldmine in Roșia Montană, Romania

Resource Exploitation

Local residents of the Romanian region of Roșia Montană successfully opposed the building of a gold mine. Now, mining company Gabriel Resources is suing the Romanian state. ECCHR and its partner organizations have filed an amicus petition and are supporting the community so that their rights continue to be taken into consideration.


Human rights inapplicable in international investment arbitration?

Indigenous Rights

In 2012, the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) of the World Bank rejected a joint petition from ECCHR and the chiefs of four indigenous communities to be admitted as amici curiae in two cases in which European investors sought to sue the Government of Zimbabwe.