The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child sets out fundamental standards for the protection of children around the world. The basic principles underpinning the Convention include: survival (right to life), development, non-discrimination, upholding the best interests of the child and respect for the views of the child. The Convention also underlines the importance and value of the child. The Convention came into force in 1990 and is the most-ratified UN convention; it has been ratified by every country except the United States.
In 2009, the States of Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat launched a research project for the vaccination against the human papilloma virus (HPV). In 2010, the Government of India suspended the program as several violations of ethical standards were reported.
Spanish authorities apprehend and summarily deport unaccompanied minors to Morocco without a procedure to identify them and protect their rights. This policy was strongly condemned by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in February 2019 in a decision that clearly upholds the fundamental rights of unaccompanied minors at Europe's borders.