A communication to the International Criminal Court (ICC) is the equivalent of a criminal complaint to the court on an alleged crime falling under the court's jurisdiction. A preliminary examination is carried out before any formal investigation is opened. The Court will consider, among other things, if any genuine investigations or prosecutions are underway in the country in question and whether the potential crimes meets the gravity threshold for the ICC to intervene. The ICC has jurisdiction over crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and, as of July 2018, the crime of aggression. The ICC has received more than 10,000 communications since its establishment in 2002.
The Higher Regional Court in Stuttgart handed down convictions in the trial of two Rwandan leaders of the Hutu militia group FDLR, Ignace Murwanashyaka and Straton Musoni. The FDLR are alleged to have utilized sexualized violence against the Congolese civilian population and to have in numerous cases plundered, killed and inflicted grievous bodily injuries.
ECCHR submitted a communication to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court requesting action on violence against trade unionists as human rights defenders in Colombia.
The Colombian state is denying women the protection against sexualized crimes and access to justice that it is obliged to guarantee under national and international law. In response, ECCHR has submitted a criminal complaint against Colombia to the International Criminal Court.