Term

Preliminary examination

A preliminary examination is the process by which the International Criminal Court's (ICC) Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) decides whether or not to open an investigation into a situation. At this stage, the OTP examines jurisdiction, admissibility (complementarity and gravity), and the interests of justice. Under the Rome Statute of the ICC, the Prosecutor shall initiate an investigation unless he or she determines that there is no reasonable basis to proceed.

United Kingdom

War crimes by UK forces in Iraq

Iraq

ECCHR demands investigations into the role and responsibility of British military officials in Iraq. A communication to the ICC documents 2000 cases of grave mistreatment during the five years in which UK forces operated in Iraq.