Complementarity principle

The principle of complementarity is the basis of the relationship between the International Criminal Court and national courts in relation to the application of international criminal law. It means that the ICC has secondary jurisdiction after national courts, and can only act in a given situation if the relevant states are unwilling or unable to prosecute the crimes within their jurisdiction.


Colombia: Violence against trade unionists

Armed conflict

ECCHR submitted a communication to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court requesting action on violence against trade unionists and human rights defenders in Colombia.

United Kingdom

War crimes by UK forces in Iraq


After more than six years, the International Criminal Court closed its preliminary examination of war crimes by UK forces in Iraq. The decision from December 2020 reveals systematic failures of international justice and proves, once again, that powerful actors can get away with torture.