UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples from September 2007 affirms that indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples. The resolution also affirms that indigenous peoples contribute to the diversity of cultures and that they must not to be discriminated against due to their traditions and the exercise thereof.
The declaration furthermore notes that indigenous peoples were subjected to historic injustices for example as a result of colonialization. The declaration acknowledges indigenous peoples’ right to self-determination, the right to the resources in their territories and the right to restitution or compensation for stolen lands, territories and resources.
Today, key sections of the declaration have the status of customary international law and are therefore binding. This includes for example indigenous peoples’ right to consultation and cooperation. This means that the free and informed consent of indigenous peoples must be sought in advance of any administrative and legislative measures that might directly affect them.