Term

International Criminal Court (ICC)

The International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague is a permanent international criminal court. The court deals with what are known as core crimes under international criminal law: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and – as of July 2018 – also the crime of aggression. The ICC's jurisdiction is far-reaching but not universal. The ICC can only act if: the accused is a national of a state party, the incident(s) occurred on the territory of a state party, or if a non-state party accepts the jurisdiction of the court in relation to a specific crime or situation. While many countries have ratified the ICC's statute, there are notable exceptions such as China, the United States and Russia. The ICC is not part of the United Nations.

Colombia

Violence against human rights defenders

Armed Conflict

ECCHR submitted a communication to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court requesting action on violence against trade unionists as human rights defenders in Colombia.

Colombia

Sexualized violence in the Colombian conflict

Armed Conflict

The Colombian state is denying women the protection against sexualized crimes and access to justice that it is obliged to guarantee under national and international law. In response, ECCHR has submitted a criminal complaint against Colombia to the International Criminal Court.

United Kingdom

War crimes by UK forces in Iraq

Iraq

ECCHR demands investigations into the role and responsibility of British military officials in Iraq. A communication documents 2000 cases of grave mistreatment during the five years which UK forces operated in Iraq.