Term

European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) was set up in Strasbourg in 1959 to enforce states' obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights. The ECtHR adjudicates on complaints brought by individuals against a state party or parties (individual applications) and complaints brought by a state party against another state party (inter-state applications) concerning alleged violations of a right or rights set out in the European Convention on Human Rights.

Afghanistan

ECtHR Grand Chamber to Hear Kunduz Airstrike Case

Kunduz

On 4 September 2009, two US fighter jets, acting on the orders of German Army Colonel Georg Klein, bombed a large group of people and two tanker trucks on a sandbar in the Kunduz River in Afghanistan. More than 100 people were killed or injured. ECCHR is assisting Abdul Hanan, a father who lost his two sons, aged eight and twelve, in the attack.

Colombia

Nestlé precedent case: Murder of trade unionist Romero in Colombia

Trade Unionists

ECCHR filed a criminal complaint against Nestlé and some of its top managers in 2012. The complaint accuses the managers of being in breach of their obligations by failing to prevent crimes of Colombian paramilitary groups and failing to adequately protect trade unionists from these crimes.

Macedonia

From Idomeni to Strasbourg: Refugees demand their right to have rights at the ECtHR

Push-backs

With support from ECCHR, several refugees filed individual complaints against Macedonia in 2016. They assert that Macedonia's practice of unlawful expulsions is violating the European Convention on Human Rights.

Spain

The case of ND and NT against Spain

Push-backs

ND and NT crossed the border fence structure in Melilla and entered Spain in August 2014. The Spanish Guardia Civil apprehended them, along with approximately 70 other individuals from sub-Saharan Africa who also had climbed the fences. They were immediately “pushed back” to Morocco – without access to any legal procedures or protection.

Chechnya

Kadyrov and massive human rights violations

Torture

Ramzan Kadyrov officially resumed office in 2007 as head of the Russian republic Chechnya. The Republic suffers from two armed conflicts against Russia. The recon­struction processes is proceeding under Kadyrov, however, there have been repeated human rights violations.