The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) was set up in Strasbourg in 1959 to enforce states' obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights. The ECtHR adjudicates on complaints brought by individuals against a state party or parties (individual applications) and complaints brought by a state party against another state party (inter-state applications) concerning alleged violations of a right or rights set out in the European Convention on Human Rights.
ECCHR filed a criminal complaint against Nestlé and some of its top managers in 2012. The complaint accuses the managers of being in breach of their obligations by failing to prevent crimes of Colombian paramilitary groups and failing to adequately protect trade unionists from these crimes.
With support from ECCHR, several refugees filed individual complaints against Macedonia in 2016. They assert that Macedonia's practice of unlawful expulsions is violating the European Convention on Human Rights.
Spanish authorities systematically and often violently expel refugees and migrants at their borders. The long-standing practice of push-backs at the external borders of the European Union is unlawful, as the European Court of Human Rights ruled. ECCHR supports the claims of two refugees against Spain.
Ramzan Kadyrov officially resumed office in 2007 as head of the Russian republic Chechnya. The Republic suffers from two armed conflicts against Russia. The reconstruction processes is proceeding under Kadyrov, however, there have been repeated human rights violations.