European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR)



Civil society space in renewable energy projects: A case study of the Unión Hidalgo community in Mexico

This policy paper examines the case of the Gunaa Sicarú wind park project of the French corporate group Électricité de France (EDF) in the territories of the indigenous Zapotec community of Unión Hidalgo in Oaxaca, Mexico. As a result of the Mexican state's failure to implement and enforce the community's right to free, prior and informed consent, and the company's failure to fulfil its obligation to respect this right, the community has suffered internal divisions and escalating, even violent, conflict.