Repression & War

Dictators and repressive regimes often assume that they will enjoy impunity for persecuting opposition activists, brutally suppressing peaceful protests, and arresting, torturing or killing those who raise their voices against injustice. Similarly, many parties to armed conflicts do not fear legal consequences for targeting civilians or perpetrating sexualized violence against women. ECCHR seeks to put an end to such crimes by ensuring that those responsible are brought before national, regional or international courts.

Afghanistan

Constitutional complaint regarding air strike at Kunduz in September 2009

Kunduz

In September 2009, two US fighter jets bombed a large group of people and two tanker trucks on a sandbar in the Kunduz River in Afghanistan. More than 100 people were killed or injured. ECCHR supports a criminal investigation in the matters and supports the affected persons' compensation claims.

Argentina

Argentine court follows international jurisdiction on sexualized violence

Military Dictatorship

Argentina classifies sexualized violence as a form of torture. ECCHR's amicus curiae briefs support four different cases in the ongoing trials regarding the military dictatorship.

Bahrain

Alleged crimes against humanity in Bahrain: Serious investigations must be initiated

Arab Spring

ECCHR sent an advisory opinion to the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry. The statement seeks to draw the commission's attention to the cases of two persons who suffered severe injuries when they were shot at by Bahraini security forces before being forcibly removed from hospital, imprisoned, and abused.

Bahrain

British court confirms end of Bahraini prince's immunity

Torture

Torture of detained members of the opposition: London High Court accepted that Bahraini Prince Nasser bin Hamad Al-Khalifa is not immune from prosecution.

Bahrain

Torture allegations against Bahraini Attorney General

Torture

Bahrain-born British citizen Jaafar al-Hasabi submitted a criminal complaint in Dublin against Bahraini Attorney General Ali Bin al-Buainain. Al-Hasabi was detained and tortured in Bahrain in 2010. Since then, he tries to bring those responsible to court.

Yemen

European responsibility for war crimes in Yemen

War Crimes

In October 2016 an airstrike – alleged to have been carried out by the Saudi-led military coalition – struck a civilian home in the village of Deir Al-Hajari in northwest Yemen. The intentional directing of attacks against the civilian population amounts to war crimes. ECCHR is taking legal action against this.

Colombia

Violence against human rights defenders

Armed Conflict

ECCHR submitted a communication to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court requesting action on violence against trade unionists as human rights defenders in Colombia.

Colombia

Amicus curiae brief on command responsibility in Colombia's Special Jurisdiction for Peace

Peace Process

ECCHR criticizes the passing of a new law in context of peace negotiations with Colombian FARC. The law contains gaps, including those regarding military commanders' effective control over their subordinate units.

Colombia

The Padilla Case and Crimes against Humanity

Armed Conflict

General Padilla was General Commander of the Colombian Military Forces when the practice of 'falsos positivos' escalated. He is presumably responsible for international crimes committed by his subordinates, he neither prevented nor punished the wrongdoers.

Colombia

Sexualized violence in the Colombian conflict

Armed Conflict

The Colombian state is denying women the protection against sexualized crimes and access to justice that it is obliged to guarantee under national and international law. In response, ECCHR has submitted a criminal complaint against Colombia to the International Criminal Court.

Sri Lanka

Sexualized Violence in Sri Lanka

Armed Conflict

Sri Lanka must comply with its international obligations in the fight against gender-based discrimination. The country should bring its law in line with the UN Convention on Women.

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka – War crimes and gender-based sexual violence

Armed Conflict

Ever since the final stages of the Sri Lankan civil war in 2009, issues of the criminal accountability for war crimes, crimes against humanity and the ongoing sexualized violence against women have been part of ECCHR's work.

Syria

Saydnaya Military Prison – Objective is to physically and psychologically break detainees

Torture

Syrian prisons have been places of systematic degradation, unimaginable torture and mass executions for several years. ECCHR supported a criminal complaint that was filed in Germany against seven high-ranking Syrian military officials.

Syria

Torture under the Assad Regime

Torture

The Syrian government led by president Bashar al-Assad is responsible for systematic and widespread torture. ECCHR together with seven Syrian torture survivors as well as the Syrian lawyers al-Bunni and Darwish submitted the first criminal complaint against six high-level officials of the Syrian military intelligence service to the German Federal Prosecutor.

Syria

"Caesar" Photos Document Systematic Torture

Torture

The group around the former Syrian military police employee 'Caesar' took for the first legal action by filing together with ECCHR a criminal complaint against senior officials from the Syrian intelligence services and the military police concerning crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Syria

Syria's Air Force Intelligence – Right hand to the al-Assad family

Torture

Senior officials of Bashar al-Assad's government are responsible for the international crimes committed at Air Force Intelligence branches. A criminal complaint supported by ECCHR is directed against ten named high-ranking officials from the National Security Bureau and the Air Force Intelligence.

Syria

Lafarge in Syria – Accusations of complicity in grave human rights violations

Armed Conflict

Eleven former Syrian employees of French company Lafarge submitted a criminal complaint against Lafarge. By having business relations with the terrorist group ISIS in Syria, the company may have taken part in the financing of the group, being therefore complicit in war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Syria

The path to justice leads through Europe – e.g. Austria

Torture

They survived torture and detention in Syria and fled to Europe, where they now hope to obtain justice. Austrian authorities should follow the example set in Germany, Sweden and France and initiate investigations into systematic torture under Syrian president Bashar al-Assad.

Chechnya

Kadyrov and massive human rights violations

Armed Conflict

Ramzan Kadyrov officially resumed office in 2007 as head of the Russian republic Chechnya. The Republic suffers from two armed conflicts against Russia. The recon­struction processes is proceeding under Kadyrov, however, there have been repeated human rights violations.

Chechnya

Impunity for Violence against Women in Chechnya

Armed Conflict

The Russian Federation fails to investigate, prosecute and punish serious violations of women's human rights, particularly in response of allegations of violence regarding adherence to a campaign to enforce an Islamic dress code.

Uzbekistan

Criminal complaint against Zakir Almatov

Torture

A criminal complaint against former Uzbek minister of interior Zakir Almatov, the Uzbek head of secret service Rustan Inojatov, and others was filed to the Federal Public Prosecutor on behalf of eight Uzbek citizens because of torture and crimes against humanity.