Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review 2023

TRIAL International,
Civitas Maxima,
Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA),
European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR),
Federation Internationale de Ligues des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH),

The present report reviews cases brought under three grounds of extraterritorial jurisdiction: the principle of universal jurisdiction and the principles of active and passive personality. The vast majority of cases included in this report are brought under the principle of universal jurisdiction, hence the title of this report and the focus of its introductory article.

It only highlights cases where judges or prosecutors have initiated criminal investigations into international crimes, namely genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture and enforced disappearances, in 2022. It does not, therefore, include complaints that victims, lawyers or NGOs filed under universal jurisdiction with national authorities that did not result in the opening of a judicial investigation or that have been dismissed by the relevant national authorities.