To counter injustice with legal interventions – this is the aim and daily work of the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR).
ECCHR is an independent, non-profit legal and educational organization dedicated to enforcing civil and human rights worldwide. It was founded in 2007 by Wolfgang Kaleck together with other international human rights lawyers, in order to protect and enforce the rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other declarations of human rights and national constitutions, through legal means.
Together with affected persons and partners worldwide, ECCHR uses legal means to end impunity of those responsible for torture, war crimes, sexualized violence, corporate exploitation and fortressed borders.
No indictment for complicity in crimes against humanity
Paris/Berlin, 7 November 2019 – Today, the Investigation Chamber of the Paris Court of Appeals revoked the indictment of French company Lafarge for complicity in crimes against humanity committed in Syria and Iraq – in particular by the "Islamic State" (IS). However, the judges upheld the indictment of the French multinational for deliberately endangering the lives of others, financing terrorism and violating a trade embargo. Charges remain against eight former executives.
The nonprofit organizations Sherpa and the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) will appeal at the French Supreme Court. Together with eleven Syrian former Lafarge employees, ECCHR and Sherpa filed a complaint against the company and its executives in November 2016.
"Lafarge didn't just endanger my life and those of my colleagues," said a former Syrian Lafarge employee and plaintiff in the case."“By doing business with armed groups in the region, they took the risk to contribute to crimes against humanity. This has to be investigated. I’m confident that the French authorities will re-consider this charge."
On October 24, the Chamber had rejected Sherpa and ECCHR’s admissibility as civil parties, both organizations will appeal to the Supreme Court. As a result, today, the Court rejected the admissibility of all the legal briefs submitted in this appeal by the organizations.
The appeal at the French Supreme Court will be an opportunity for the court’s Criminal Division to examine this case, which has crucial repercussions for fighting the impunity of multinational companies that fuel human rights violations in armed conflicts.
For Sandra Cossart, Sherpa’s Executive Director, "the Lafarge/Syria case remains the first in France to lead to criminal investigations into a company’s liability for activities abroad." But "by refusing to confirm the charge against Lafarge of complicity in crimes against humanity, the Investigation Chamber is impeding the fight against the impunity of multinationals that operate in areas of armed conflict – depriving those affected by these conflicts from accessing justice," said Marie-Laure Guislain, Head of litigation at Sherpa.
The charge of complicity in crimes against humanity was one of the main allegations in Sherpa and ECCHR's initial complaint. In May 2018, the nonprofit organizations filed a submission with the investigating judges underlining Lafarge’s complicity in IS crimes. The company was indicted on these grounds in June 2018, the first such indictment worldwide.
Investigative bodies of the United Nations and extensive additional evidence confirm that the crimes IS committed in Syria and Iraq do classify as crimes against humanity."Serious and consistent evidence indicates Lafarge’s complicity in these crimes – mainly by funding IS and other armed groups with several million euros. It is the company’s financial powers that were presumably mobilized for such payments, in the interest of Lafarge's strategic profit to remain active in Syria. It is therefore for the company to answer such allegations before the courts," added Claire Tixeire, Senior Legal Advisor at ECCHR. "Multinational companies’ responsibility goes beyond the doors of their headquarters. Parent companies that are involved in their subsidiaries’ illegal activities abroad must be held to account."
Eleven former Syrian employees of French company Lafarge submitted a criminal complaint against Lafarge. By having business relations with the terrorist group ISIS in Syria, the company may have taken part in the financing of the group, being therefore complicit in war crimes and crimes against humanity.
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