To counter injustice with legal interventions – this is the aim and daily work of the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR).
ECCHR is an independent, non-profit legal and educational organization dedicated to enforcing civil and human rights worldwide. It was founded in 2007 by Wolfgang Kaleck together with other international human rights lawyers, in order to protect and enforce the rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other declarations of human rights and national constitutions, through legal means.
Together with affected persons and partners worldwide, ECCHR uses legal means to end impunity of those responsible for torture, war crimes, sexualized violence, corporate exploitation and fortressed borders.
Tackling the accountability and fairness of admissibility interviews
Berlin/Lesvos 9 September 2018 – The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) must be held to account for blatant failures in its work in the Greek Hotspots. For this reason, ECCHR requested the European Ombudsperson to review her decision to close the inquiry into maladministration by EASO in the reception centers on the Greek islands. In response to ECCHR’s initial complaint from April 2017, the Ombudsperson acknowledged serious concerns as to the fairness of admissibility interviews and the extent of EASO’s involvement therein. Nevertheless, the Ombudsperson decided not to take any steps to address the ongoing violations of fundamental rights in the Greek Hotspots.
“The interviews with applicants for international protection conducted by EASO in the Greek Hotspots take place in a vacuum of accountability that can and should be addressed by the European Ombudsperson”, said ECCHR General Secretary Wolfgang Kaleck. Elli Kriona Saranti, a Greek lawyer from the NGO HIAS Greece, which submitted an expert opinion in support of ECCHR’s complaint, added: “The need for accountability is even more pressing since EASO is now exclusively responsible for the conduct of all interviews on the island of Lesvos, including vulnerable applicants. In our experience, EASO often fails to consider vulnerability adequately.”
The EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March 2016 purports to return “[a]ll new irregular migrants crossing from Turkey into Greek islands”. However, asylum seekers cannot be returned based on a generalized consideration of Turkey as a “safe third country” and without an individual review of the particular circumstances of the person concerned. The admissibility interviews undertaken by EASO deny asylum seekers a fair hearing.
Since 2014 ECCHR has pursued strategic litigation to contest human rights violations at the borders of Europe. ECCHR is, for instance, assisting with the complaints to the ECtHR by two individuals against Spain’s push-back practice at the border in Melilla. ECCHR’s work in this area is supported by Brot für die Welt.
According to ECCHR's analysis of a series of admissibility interviews conducted on the Greek Islands, EASO fails to respect core standards of fairness. The interviews do not permit a fair assessment of cases and do not give room for a thorough investigation of vulnerability.
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