Beyond Borderline: Refugee and Migrant Exclusion in Europe
Kilometers of barbed wire exclusion fences, thousands of high-tech patrols at sea, in the air and on land, push-back agreements with neighboring countries: the European Union goes to great lengths to exclude people fleeing from war, persecution and hardship in their home countries. To justify their actions leaders in Brussels and the EU member states claim the push-backs are politically necessary and permitted under law.
Deaths and injured at EU's external borders
Every other week another boat carrying migrants and refugees capsizes or sinks off the coast of Italy or Malta. Witnesses frequent report instances of abuse at the borders between Turkey and Greece. There is a steady climb in the number of people who lose their lives while trying to cross the Moroccan-Spanish border. All of these events serve as evidence of the terrible failure of the EU’s asylum and refugee policies.
Illegal and brutal push-backs at the spanish-moroccan border
Illegal push-backs or forced returns at EU borders represent a flagrant violation of fundamental human rights and refugee laws. In the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the northern coast of Africa, refugees and migrants are repeatedly subjected to brutal violence from border guards. Anyone attempting to enter these Spanish cities – and therefore reach EU territory – are immediately deported to Morocco without any examination of their right to asylum. During this process, injuries and even deaths are common. Stripped of their rights, it is almost impossible for victims to take any form of legal redress.
Over the past year ECCHR has been examining the scope for legal intervention against the practice of push-backs in the EU and has been helping affected persons with individual legal proceedings.