No rights for unaccompanied minors at the Spanish-Moroccan border
Unaccompanied minors are apprehended and summarily deported to Morocco by Spanish authorities without a procedure to properly identify them and protect their rights.
For example, this video recorded in the summer of 2014 shows one of these border operations includng the push-back of an unaccompanied minor at the Melilla fence structure.
Spain's push-back practice does not spare children and pregnant women
Despite assertions from the Spanish government that children would not be subjected to automatic push-backs – conducted since 2005 and also known as “hot returns”, “devoluciones en caliente” or more recently “rechazos en frontera” – this practice is in fact indiscriminate and no exceptions are being made.
Committee on the Rights of the Child examines complaint filed by ECCHR on behalf of an unaccompanied Malian minor
In a similar case to the one shown in the video, ECCHR supports an individual communication against Spain on behalf of the unaccompanied Malian minor D.D., submitted to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in November 2015. The submission challenges D.D.’s unlawful return from Spain to Morocco and seeks to reclaim the fundamental rights of unaccompanied minors at the borders of the European Union.
In June 2017, the Committee on the Rights of the Child decided to examine the admissibility of the communication together with its merits.