Labour conditions in the global supply chain

Study for the Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation, December 2011

By Dr. Miriam Saage-Maaß

Miriam Saage-Maaß, Program Director for Business and Human Rights at ECCHR, has developed a study for the Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation which investigates the extent to which corporations are legally responsible for working conditions in overseas supplier firms and subsidiaries. The study focuses on compensation claims under civil law which can be pursued before German courts.

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Concurring Criminal Jurisdictions under International Law

in: Morten Bergsmo (ed.): Complementarity and the Exercise of Universal Jurisdiction for Core International Crimes, Oslo 2010

Florian Jeßberger, Wolfgang Kaleck and Andreas Schueller

The exercise of universal jurisdiction in Europe over the past fifteen years reveals a number of legal and practical problems, among the most crucial ones is the problem of concurring criminal jurisdictions, often discussed under the heading of complementarity or subsidiarity. In general, the merits of these principles may not be doubted; however, the danger of their extensive application becomes apparent when a forum state declines to exercise universal jurisdiction over one suspect based on the fact that the home state has shown or has pretended to be willing and able to prosecute lower-ranked human rights violators.

Fundamental standards of humanity - still a useful attempt or an expired concept?

The International Journal of Human Rights, August 2010

By Andreas Schüller

The Fundamental Standards of Humanity were developed in the 1980s to ensure the protection of individuals in situations where international humanitarian law was not applicable, but derogation of human rights was still possible. To date, there is no binding document that has been adopted that is applicable in situations of internal disturbances and tensions.

Litigating Extraordinary Renditions

Interrights Bulletin, Spring 2010

By Wolfgang Kaleck and Andreas Schüller

In the aftermath of the 11 September 2001 attacks the CIA extraordinary rendition programme accelerated and included dozens of states all over the world. Fundamental international standards have been violated. Many individuals have been seriously harmed. Judicial scrutiny of the extraordinary rendition programme commenced in 2003 and is far from approaching the end or even a first respite.

From Pinochet to Rumsfeld

Michigan Journal for International Law, Spring 2009

By Wolfgang Kaleck

In this summary of European practice Wolfgang Kaleck shows that universal jurisdiction is a legal and social fact that can no longer be denied. He outlines its importance alongside other local and international remedies and proposes to use it as a last resort in cases of impunity. In his essay he provides a survey of more than fifty universal jurisdiction proceedings in European courts, retrieves obstacles and problems and presents alternative and complementary mechanisms to combat impunity.