The Spanish judiciary brought charges against Baltasar Garzón, the examining magistrate who, in October 2008, declared his court competent to undertake preliminary investigations into the enforced disappearance, torture and execution of 114,266 people during the Spanish Civil War and the Franco dictatorship in the period 1936 to 1951. In his decision, Garzón relied upon international law, deemed the enforced disappearances to be crimes against humanity and, in accordance with international law, held that the national amnesty law did not apply.
ECCHR, as part of an international NGO-Coalition, has called on Spain to repeal its 1977 Amnesty Law as it violates the international law obligations. The coalition also urges the Spanish authorities to comply with their international obligations and take effective measures to ensure accountability for enforced disappearances, extra-judicial killings and other serious crimes under international law that threaten our collective peace and security. In accordance with international law, Spain must act to secure truth, justice, and reparation for the victims of crimes committed during the Civil War and the Franco regime.