Pakistan - Textile Industry - Certificates
Factory Fire in Pakistan
Criminal investigations into RINA in Italy
Since the 2012 factory fire in an Ali Enterprises factory, the Baldia Factory Affectees Association is involved in the criminal proceedings against the owners of the Ali Enterprises factory in Pakistan. It has furthermore initiated legal proceedings against the audit company RINA Services S.p.A. in Italy and the preparation of related civil suits, where it is represented by Italian lawyers Stefano Bertone and Marco Bona from Turin.
In 2014, Bona and Bertone submitted a report on the factory fire and the role of RINA to the Italian state prosecutor in Turin. The prosecutor opened criminal investigations (case number 1003/16/45) into the matter and ordered an independent assessment by fire experts. In early 2016, the case was transferred to the prosecutor in Genova because RINA's headquarters are located there. In March 2016, ECCHR sent a letter to the prosecutor's offices (Procura della Repubblica of Genova
), emphasizing the state duty to uphold human rights. ECCHR highlighted the importance of the criminal investigation in Genova to clarify the role and responsibility of RINA for issuing the SA8000 certificate and failing to note obvious shortcomings in fire safety measures and the high risk for the health and safety of the workers at Ali Enterprises.
In September 2012, 260 workers died in a fire at the Ali Enterprises textile factory in Karachi, Pakistan. 32 people were injured, some critically. Many of the windows were barred, emergency exits were locked and the building had only one unobstructed exit, impeding the exit of employees who suffocated or were burned alive inside. The factory's biggest client was KiK, a German discount retailer which disclosed that it bought 70% of the textiles produced by the factory in 2011.