The notorious term "falsos positivos" (false positives) refers to a common practice of the Colombian military. Hundreds of civilians were indiscriminately killed so that their bodies could be presented as combat casualties. These falsely reported combat casualties helped the military inflate operational figures, and also, were used to obtain professional compensation, such as promotions and vacations. These crimes were committed by the government in a systematic and general manner, and thus, can be considered as crimes against humanity. Responsible for these acts – also those committed by subordinates – are higher ranking military officials, which have not been punished yet. General Freddy Padilla de León was the General Commander of the Colombian Military Forces when the practice of "falsos positivos" escalated, and the scandal became publicly known. Padilla is presumably responsible for international crimes committed by his subordinates, because he knew of the crimes, but neither prevented, nor punished the wrongdoers.
Since receiving the dossier, the Austrian Ministry for Foreign Affairs is investigating the allegations against Padilla, as well as examining possible diplomatic responses. In answer to the publication of the dossier, the Colombian Chancellery announced that Padilla filed his resignation request – just a few weeks after the submission of ECCHR's dossier – and that he will formally resign and return to Colombia in November 2013. ECCHR demands that in the accreditation process of Colombian diplomatic personnel, serious investigations are carried out by competent law enforcement authorities prior to the issuing of visas regarding allegations of international crimes.