PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS WITH LEGAL INSTRUMENTS
Governments and public authorities have actively committed or tolerated these crimes and denied people their most basic rights. Moreover human rights are often violated or ignored through ruthless corporate business practices for the sake of economic gain. Those responsible are rarely called to account. The need to prosecute those responsible for atrocities was first recognized by the International Military Tribunals of Nuremberg and Tokyo. There it was avowed that the impunity of responsible persons abets new crimes. Legal institutions must defend human rights and uphold this litigation.
In recent years some of the most important and innovative human right cases have been initiated in Europe.
Criminal charges against the former Chilean president Augusto Pinochet, the architects of the Argentinean military junta in Spain, Zakir Almatow, the Uzbek Minister of the Interior, as well as the former US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, were all filed in Germany.
These initiatives highlight the need for the independent coordination of human rights litigation, strategic juridical development and critical reflection.
Furthermore, cases involving the American Central Intelligence Agency’s "extraordinary rendition" program, which involves the movement of suspects across international boarders, exemplify the necessity for cooperation and advocacy on a European and international level between human rights organizations.
The European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) is an independent, non-profit legal and educational organization dedicated to protecting civil and human rights worldwide. It was founded in 2007 by a small group of renowned human rights lawyers, in order to protect and enforce the rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other declarations of human rights and national constitutions, by juridical means. ECCHR engages in innovative strategic litigation, using European, international, and national law to enforce human rights and to hold state and non-state actors accountable for egregious abuses.